How to Calculate And Interpret The Current Ratio Bench Accounting


Current Ratio Formula liabilities refer to short-term obligations due within one year. This ratio is a good way to measure how liquid a company is, how financially sound a company is in the short-term, and how many short-term assets a company holds vs. short-term liabilities. In other words, the current ratio is a good indicator of your company’s ability to cover all of your pressing debt obligations with the cash and short-term assets you have on hand. It’s one of the ways to measure the solvency and overall financial health of your company.

  • If your current ratio is above 1, then your business has enough assets to cover your current liabilities.
  • Apple, meanwhile, had more than enough to cover its current liabilities if they were all theoretically due immediately and all current assets could be turned into cash.
  • We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate.
  • You will also learn how to add the formula to your spreadsheet to automatically perform current ratio calculations.

Putting the above together, the total current assets and total current liabilities each add up to $125m, so the current ratio is 1.0x as expected. The ratio of 1.0x is right on the cusp of an acceptable value — since if the ratio dips below 1.0x, that means the company’s current assets cannot cover its current liabilities. If the ratio were to drop below the 1.0x “floor”, raising external financing would become urgent. The current ratio describes the relationship between a company’s assets and liabilities.

Understand the Limits of a Current Ratio

Conversely, a current ratio over 3 may suggest that the company is holding too much inventory or other non-current assets. You can use this calculator to calculate the current ratio for a company by entering the current assets and liabilities figures from the balance sheet. When you calculate a company’s current ratio, the resulting number determines whether it’s a good investment.

  • Current Ratio provides investors and financial analysts with an indication of the efficiency of your company’s operating cycle.
  • The current ratio, also known as working capital ratio, is a financial performance measure of company liquidity.
  • If the ratio was down near 1.0, it would indicate that the company may have issues meeting short-term obligations, and that they may have issues paying off these obligations in the near future.
  • Instead, we should closely observe this ratio over some time – whether the ratio is showing a steady increase or a decrease.

The current ratio or working capital ratio is a ratio of current assets to current liabilities within a business. In comparison to the current ratio, the quick ratio is considered a more strict variation due to filtering out current assets that are not actually liquid — i.e. cannot be sold for cash immediately. Cash And Cash EquivalentsCash and Cash Equivalents are assets that are short-term and highly liquid investments that can be readily converted into cash and have a low risk of price fluctuation.

Current Ratio Calculator

The current ratio weighs up all of a company’s current assets to its current liabilities. A current ratio of 2.5 means a company should have no trouble covering its current obligations, or in other words, the company has sufficient liquidity. While this is good in that it reduces default risk too high of a current ratio may be a sign the company isn’t using its capital efficiently. To know this for sure, the current ratio should be compared with the average of an industry. However, a “good” current ratio will depend on the industry a company is in so you should compare with other similar companies.

What current ratio means?

The current ratio describes the relationship between a company's assets and liabilities. So, a higher ratio means the company has more assets than liabilities. For example, a current ratio of 4 means the company could technically pay off its current liabilities four times over.

Basically, this means it is not making enough money via its operations and it is, therefore, losing money – poor collections of accounts receivable are usually the main cause that leads to this aspect. A high cash ratio implies an airtight liquidity positionHigh false negative rate. These are future payments that customers owe, for goods which they have already received. If customers do not pay their bills, or if there is some other kind of default, recovering debts can be a costly, drawn-out process. The content provided on and accompanying courses is intended for educational and informational purposes only to help business owners understand general accounting issues.

Current assets

Taking from the above, MSFT has a current ratio of 2.53 which tells us they can cover their current obligations which is good. That said, to find a “good” current ratio you would need to know the average current ratio for the industry a company operates in. Based on what the average current ratio is for a specific industry you would be able to effectively gauge if the current ratio for a company is “good”. Maybe the company is holding onto inventory for longer than it should. A low current ratio may indicate the company is not able to cover its current liabilities without having to sell its investments or delay payment on its own debts. This ratio was designed to assist decision-makers when determining a firm’s ability to pay its current liabilities from its current assets.

Below is a video explanation of how to calculate the current ratio and why it matters when performing an analysis of financial statements. For example, in one industry, it may be more typical to extend credit to clients for 90 days or longer, while in another industry, short-term collections are more critical. Ironically, the industry that extends more credit actually may have a superficially stronger current ratio because its current assets would be higher. It is usually more useful to compare companies within the same industry. Apple, meanwhile, had more than enough to cover its current liabilities if they were all theoretically due immediately and all current assets could be turned into cash. Generally, it is agreed that a current ratio of less than 1.0 may indicate insolvency.